Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) is a perennial woody evergreen herb native to the Mediterranean region. It has fine needle-like leaves with a silver touch and pink, purple, white, or blue flowers. It is one of the most commonly found herbs in a spice rack. The herb has a warm, bitter, and astringent taste but yet it gives a wonderful flavor and aroma to soups, sauces, stews, roasts, and stuffing. It can be used in dried powder form or as fresh leaves. Its leaves can be used to prepare tea, essential oil, and liquid extract. The herb was considered to be sacred by ancient Romans, Greeks, Egyptians, as well as Hebrews and is particularly prevalent in Italian cultural cuisines today.
Health Benefits of Rosemary:
1- Rosemary is very high of vitamins such as vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin B6, thiamin, folate, as well as minerals like magnesium, calcium, copper, iron, and manganese. (1,2)
2- Rosemary contains antioxidants in its phenolic compounds such as diterpene, carnosol, and rosmarinic acid, as well as in its essential oils such as cineol, camphene, borneol, bornyl acetate, α-terpineol, and α-pinene. (1,3)
3- Rosemary is a rich source of anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds, which are thought to help boost the immune system and improve blood circulation. (1,4,5)
4- Rosemary enhances brain function, It helps improve memory performance and quality. It also boosts alertness, intelligence, focus, and prevents Alzheimer’s. (1,4,6,7)
5- Manganese, carnosol, rosmarinic acid, carnosic acid, and other rosemary extracts have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and anticancer properties. (1,4,8)
6- The antioxidants in the essential oils of rosemary help improve the quality of the skin. It has a potent anti-aging effect and helps heal blemishes and increase the natural shine. (1,9,10)
7- The leaves of rosemary remove the phlegm and mucus from the respiratory system, providing relief from a cough, cold, flu, and even asthma. In addition, rosmarinic acid prevents any kind of fluid accumulation in the lungs. (1,11)
8- Rosemary extracts exert anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperglycaemic effects and promote weight loss. (1,2,12)
9- Rosemary, with strong anti-inflammatory properties, has traditionally been used as a natural remedy for upset stomach, constipation, gas, bloating, and diarrhea. Which means it aids digestion. (1,13)
10- Carnosol and carnosic acids are two powerful antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds found in rosemary that have been linked to reducing inflammation of muscles, blood vessels, and joints.
11- Rosemary is slightly diuretic in nature, meaning that it can help flush out toxins efficiently during urination. (1,14)
12- The presence of carnosic acid in rosemary helps to prevent age-related macular degeneration, which affects the outer retina of the eye. (1,5)